- 1) What are the benefits of massaging your newborn?
Massaging your baby is a great
way to bond with her and calm and settle her.
It also offers plenty of health benefits. You
can start your baby from about 2 weeks.. Read More
- 2) What is the Apgar Score?
birth, a baby is given a quick check to see if
his breathing is established. At one minute and
then again at 5 minutes an Apgar score is recorded
to see . How well your baby is responding to life
outside the womb. This involves giving points
for heart rate, muscle tone, body color and reflex
response. A total score of 7 and over is considered
normal; 10 is perfect while below 7 merits observation
and even treatment. It is not unusual for some
babies to be drowsy because the mother was given
painkillers during labor.
- 3) Is swaddling my baby necessary?
offers a newborn baby warmth and security - a
snug wrap feels like a big hug to that tiny body.
A good wrap is not a surefire way of calming a
colicky baby but it does make carrying the little
- 4) Is it possible for a newborn baby to 'smile' already?
Proper smiling starts
at around 6 weeks according to some experts. Fleeting
smiles in the first few days which were once considered
to be due to wind or random expressions are now
being referred to as smiles. Some doctors feel
that newborns are actually imitating your facial
movements from an early age.
- 5) What is jaundice and is it serious?
can be caused by prematurity, infection, exposure
to drugs during labor, or bruising at birth. Different
types of jaundice exist with physiological version
being the commonest form in newborns. It is not
a true disease.. Read
- 6) What reflexes can my newborn do?
may take you a while to get accustomed to your
newborn's behavior. Baby's reactions to the various
stimuli are different. You will need to observe
these reactions. Being individuals already at
such a tender age.. Read
- 7) What to expect during my baby's first checkup?
In your first visit lots
of questions will be asked as your doctor will
want to know as much about you as possible. It
is the most comprehensive visit in comparison
to the other visits.. Read
- 8) What baby toiletries are essential?
of today have not only infections to deal with
but also allergies, rashes and problems with the
respiratory system. A wide variety of chemical
irritants are to.. Read
- 9) My baby is constipated. What can I do about it?
Constipation is a
situation where the stool is firm, dry and pebbly.
This can last for an undetermined amount of time
but is usually not serious if treated properly.. Read
- 10) What is a Guthrie test?
the first 10 days after birth, a tiny drop of
blood will be taken from your baby's heel to test
for thyroid and a rare disorder called phenylketonuria
(a deficiency in body chemistry), which can cause
mental retardation and growth impairment if left
- 11) Why does my baby have sticky eyes?
are no tears when a newborn cries. This is because
the baby's tear ducts have yet to mature (tear
ducts tend to mature at about 6 weeks). And because
of this.. Read
- 12) What is the best way to hold and handle my newborn?
Your baby's first
couple of poos will be tar-like, sticky and greenish-black
in color. Termed meconium, this waste product
was accumulated in the.. Read
- 13) I need to know more about immunization. Is it really important?
that have been developed so far are against infections
that are serious and contagious; the more children
are vaccinated the better protected our population
- 14) I plan on bottlefeeding my baby. What are the essentials I need to know?
is undoubtedly more work involved in bottlefeeding
as compared to breastfeeding but very soon a routine
will be established of cleaning and sterilizing
the equipment, formula preparation and.. Read More
- 15) Is having diarrhea a serious concern with newborn?
a condition that changes both the consistency
and frequency of the baby's waste output. Each
baby has her own stool pattern that changes slowly
as she gets on with age.. Read More
- 16) How to tell if my baby is too hot or too cold?
Keeping your baby comfortably
dressed for the surrounding temperature is important.
Babies cannot alter body temperatures quick enough
to compensate for temperature changes around them
so remove layers or add them.. Read
- 17) What is colostrum and why is it important?
It is very important to
start breastfeeding soon after delivery so that
your baby receives the benefits of colostrum or
premilk. Since it is very limited in volume but
very valuable in content.. Read
- 18) Please guide my on my baby's growth and development. What to expect in the next few weeks?
the next few months you will be able to see how
much your baby grows and develops. At each visit
to the pediatrician during the first year, your
baby's head circumference, weight and height will
be measured.. Read
- 19) How do I take care of my baby's cord?
A newborn umbilical cord is
a stump of 1-2 cm long with a plastic clamp attache
Within one day the umbilical cord which was shiny
and moist at birth will shrivel up, turn crusty
and darken in.. Read
- 20) Are disposable nappies better than reusable ones?
You will have to
use nappies or diapers until your baby is potty
trained. Baby can take up to minimum 2 years to
gain full bladder and bowel control. So, you have
to give consideration to.. Read
- 21) Is it advisable to use barrier cream when changing a nappy?
will have to use nappies or diapers until your
baby is potty trained. Baby can take up to minimum
2 years to gain full bladder and bowel control.
So, you have to give consideration to.. Read
- 22) How to handle my colicky baby?
is a non-scientific term used to describe inconsolable
crying or screaming stemming from tummy pain of
an otherwise healthy infant. It usually starts.. Read
- 23) Are pacifiers really all that bad?
use of pacifiers has become a debate of late.
Despite its bad reputation, parents continue to
be perplexed on whether to use it or not. Many
continue to use it because.. Read
- 24) When can I start massaging my baby?
your baby is a great way to bond with her and
calm and settle her. It also offers plenty of
health benefits. You can start your baby from
about 2 weeks.. Read More
- 25) How do I clean my baby's ears?
too are prone to infection if you are not careful.
When cleaning you should ensure water does not
enter baby's ears. It is also not necessary to
poke and clean in areas.. Read
- 26) How do I clean my baby's eyes?
are no tears when a newborn cries. This is because
the baby's tear ducts have yet to mature (tear
ducts tend to mature at about 6 weeks). And because
of this.. Read
- 27) What are the common ear infections to watch out for?
- Ears too are prone
to infection if you are not careful. When cleaning
you should ensure water does not enter baby's
ears. It is also not necessary to poke and clean
in areas.. Read
- 28) What are birthmarks and are they treatable?
- Many babies are born with
birthmarks which mostly disappear after a few
months after birth. Some . How ever like the strawberry
mark may take longer. The Mongolian blue spot
is often mistaken for bruising of the lower back
and is predominantly found in darker toned babies.
- 29) What is cradle cap and how do I treat it?
- Cradle cap is a common condition
with infants and usually causes no discomfort.
It goes away on its own, so aggressive treatment
is unnecessary. Excessive or harsh scrubbing or
brushing of the scalp may cause your baby pain
and can aggravate the situation. Daily shampooing
with a no-tears shampoo after gently loosening
the scales with a small amount of mineral oil
on a soft tooth-brush is usually sufficient. Use
oil to loosen flakes and ensure it is not left
on scalp for long periods of time. If your baby's
cradle cap is extremely resistant, you may want
to check with his pediatrician to be certain of
the diagnosis. If his doctor confirms that it
is cradle cap, you can follow the simple measures
above, and rest assured that with time, usually
well before 1 year of age, the condition will
subside on its own.
- 30) What should be done if my baby is unwell?
- You will need to know why your
baby is unwell by visiting your doctor. The younger
the baby the more important it is to not delay
the visit. Appropriate advice will be given: if
you should change her feeds, give more water or
be prescribed medication. Babies under 3 months
should not be given paracetemol or OTC medications
unless prescribed by your doctor.
- 31) What can I do for my baby when she has a cold?
- Her nose will be blocked
or runny and so she will have problem feeding
and breathing at the same time. Wipe her nose
with cotton wool instead of tissue which can be
rough. Saline drops on your doctor's advice can
be used although there is a slight risk of it
dripping down into the chest and worsening the
matter. Raise your baby's upper body with the
help of a firm pillow. Use a humidifier in the
- 32) Is colic the same thing as excessive wind?
- Colic is a non-scientific
term used to describe inconsolable crying or screaming
stemming from tummy pain of an otherwise healthy
infant. It usually starts.. Read
- 33) What do I need to avoid when breastfeeding?
- You have heard the saying,
'You are what you eat'. The same goes for your
baby - 'Your baby is what you eat'. What a breast-feeding
mother eats is passed on to her baby through her
milk and the reaction can be discomforting to
- 34) How to tell if my baby is getting enough milk?
- Things to look out for
• 6-8 wet nappies over a 24-hour period.
• 2-4 nappies of yellow stools in a day
• Gradual weight gain (. How ever a dropping
of weight gain alone should not be taken to suggest
that feeding isn't going well)
• An alert and bright-eyed baby who is interested
in his surroundings
• A feeling of softer and less heavy breasts
after your baby has fed.
- 35) How many hours of sleep do newborns need?
- No straightforward answer to
this one since it varies with different babies.
Newborns with no regular sleep patterns may need
as little as 11 hours to 20 hours out of 24. From
around 2-3 months sleep averages about 9 hours
in the night with about 5 hours of nap during
- 36) My baby has white tiny spots all over her face. Should I be concerned?
are called milia and are normal. They are blocked
sweat and oil glands in the skin and will disappear
- 37) Should my baby's room be kept quiet during sleep times?
- Babies can sleep
in noisy environments and almost anywhere. For
instance you don't need to tip-toe around when
she is put down for a sleep. How ever a sudden
loud noise can startle your baby, so don't put
on the radio or TV (high volume) all of a sudden
when baby is sound asleep.
- 38) Which is the best sleep position for my baby?
- Studies show that babies
should be sleeping on their backs to reduce the
risk of SIDS. Even if your baby changes positions
when she grows a little older, you should continue
to place her on her back.
- 39) Should I leave my newborn baby to cry?
is not advisable to leave your baby to 'cry it
out', especially in the early weeks of life. You
cannot possibly spoil him by responding to his
every need promptly. By attending to your baby
you are providing him with the assurance that
he is valued and his needs are important. As he
grows older, you can leave certain short periods
for him to cry it out for example when he undergoing
sleep training. But the first weeks of life is
not a good time to try this.
- 40) My nipples are really sore. What should I do?
- Nipple soreness can produce
a reluctant nursing mum; this problems sprouts
in the early days of nursing. All the manipulation,
tugging and pulling by the baby contributes to
some amount of soreness in every new mother. Sore
nipples can.. Read
- 41) My breasts are rock-solid and uncomfortable. Why is this?
aches and pains are common after birth. The most
common type of breast discomfort occur when the
breasts become engorged or the breast ducts become
full of milk but.. Read
- 42) When is the baby's first check-up after coming home?
- The next visit
is usually at 3-4 weeks of age. At that time,
a history of. How the first month has been so
far, in terms of feeding, sleeping pattern etc
is discussed. This is followed by physical examination
by the pediatrician and immunization due at that
age is given. At subsequent visits, sequential
examinations, developmental assessment as well
as immunizations are given according to the age
of the infant.
- 43) How important is it for dads to bond with their newborn?
- It is very important
for fathers to begin the bonding process right
away. He should feel part of the whole process
from the start. The baby by nature tends to be
more attached to the mother, but the father definitely
should be involved from this point on. This will
also reinforce his role as the supportive provider
for the baby.
- 44) My newborn spits up frequently. Is this serious?
- No, spitting in the
newborn period, called reflux, is very common
and usually subsides in a few months with no treatment
necessary. It becomes a concern if it affects
growth, causes recurrent pneumonia due to baby
breathing in the vomit, or intractable esophagitis
due to irritation of the esophagus from stomach
acid. Fortunately, all these complications of
reflux are rare. Spit-ups are usually more of
a problem for the parents than the baby because
of the messiness.
- 45) My little girl is 15 days old, and she is already suffering from colic. We have tried everything, from car rides to rocking. How long will this last?
- Colic usually begins
to disappear after baby turns two months of age,
sometimes not until another two months. Very little
is known about the causes of colic. It probably
results from immaturity of movement of the intestinal
tract, resulting in gas collecting in the small
intestine, producing distention and pain. Most
intestinal gas in a baby is swallowed air. Frequent
burping, slower feeding, and proper latching if
breast-fed or appropriate nipples if bottle-fed,
Repetitive motion like car rides also helps. Gently
massaging the abdomen area in circular motions
to expel gas may work. Try swaddling and warm
baths as well; hopefully one of these works. Finally,
hang in there because this too shall pass.
- 46) Will my child always have problems because she was born early?
premature babies are at higher risk for some problems,
most of them grow into healthy children. Early
diagnosis, treatment, and ongoing care can give
your child a brighter future.
- 47) Is it Okay if My Child sucks his or her Thumb?
- Thumb sucking is
a normal practice with a lot of infants; most
give up the habit on their own by age 2. If your
child sucks his or her thumb beyond age 2, try
to discourage it by age 4. Beyond age 4, thumb
sucking can lead to crooked, crowded teeth and/or
- 48) Is it Okay for my Baby to Use a Pacifier?
- Pacifiers are not recommended
but if you do decide to let your baby use it don't
dip it in sugar, honey, or sweetened liquid. Try
to break this habit before your child turns 2.
When compared to thumb sucking, a pacifier may
be a better option because it can be easier to
wean your child from a pacifier than from thumb
- 49) What are hiccups?
- Hiccups are common in babies,
especially in those who hiccupped before they
were born, while in the womb (uterus). The exact
cause is not known, but they are thought to be
a normal reflex, probably due to immaturity of
the nervous system. Babies who gulp during feeds
take in more air which gets trapped under the
diaphragm. Burping prevents air build up by expelling
During the first few months, hiccups often occur
after meals. They usually go away within a few
minutes and cause no discomfort to the baby. Burp
your baby more frequently during feedings; for
persistent hiccups a few sucks of water from spoon
tip may help. Finally, feed baby when she is not
very hungry to prevent hungry gulps.
- 50) Are sneezes normal?
- Most babies sneeze frequently,
but it is not due to colds. Sneezing is a normal
reflex that helps to remove mucus from the nose
and lungs. Newborns sneeze a lot more after birth
because they still have some amniotic fluid in
their lungs, leftover from their months in the
uterus. Some babies sneeze after feeding, to clear
their noses of dried milk that may collect there.
How ever if your baby sneezes a couple of times
more than usual and has a runny nose, it may be
due to something else, perhaps he is unwell. Call
your doctor for advice.
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